Exposition of Chapter 12
Revelation 12:1 (KJV Strong’s)
And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the sun, and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars:
Who is the Woman?
Whilst revelation is composed with wonderful imagery, the symbolism is based in reality. The concept of painting a picture with words is analogous with the old master’s idea of painting with symbology to define an hidden meaning. Boticelli, Michelangelo, Da Vinci and others were well versed in this style of secrets in mystery not obvious to ill advised and untrained eyes.
Art aficionados would have an easier time deciphering the codes than most but they would equally require insight into culture, history, idiomatic speech and prophetic understanding of Hebraic scripture and holy law. Outside of ancient Salem, this is nearly impossible. Archaeologists have never found a trace of Salem because it is buried beneath Jerusalem today. Unless cogent thought is applied coherently and simultaneously to all prophecy with no deviation of understanding, we cannot hope to apprehend the meaning of it.
Substitution of prophecy with prophecy to determine meaning requires that two or three prophecies be used to establish the truth. Prophecy has a tendency to be self explanatory when given by God.
The woman clothed with the sun.
In ancient times, the woman wore the man’s status, wealth and security. The bride wore white garments as a symbol of her purity and the whiter they were, the better it indicated holiness. There is nothing brighter than the sun in the ancient world and this the sun represents not only purity but righteousness. When we compare Malachi with Jesus, knowing he is that sun spoken of in Malachi 4:2 (KJV Strong’s)
But unto you that fear my name shall the Sun of righteousness arise with healing in his wings;
and ye shall go forth, and grow up as calves of the stall.
We see an identical use of “sun” in Mat 13:43
Then shall the righteous shine forth as the sun in the kingdom of their Father. Who hath ears to hear, let him hear.
Righteousness is the product of keeping the law and in this case, God’s law. These laws are not the laws of Moses but the twelve commandments off the decalogue. As children we were taught by tradition that there were ten whilst in reality there are twelve. This lethal legal argument has major consequences for understanding prophecy and on salvation. I won’t delve into that here since you came to learn about God’s plan. So the imagery of the Woman clothed with the sun is evidence that she is the bride of righteousness. We know that God is righteousness and gave it as an inheritance to his son, AO or Jesus as he is well known. Therefore the bride of righteousness is the bride of Christ.
Malachi 3:17 (KJV Strong’s)
And they shall be mine, saith the Lord of hosts, in that day when I make up my jewels; and I will spare them, as a man spareth his own son that serveth him.
Children are born of women but technology has made it possible for men to become women and women to become men. This also fulfils another prophecy, proving it is harmonic with reality and physics of the cosmos. In the early 21st century it became possible for men to bear children also. This proves Jesus knew something in John 3:5 (KJV Strong’s)
Jesus answered, Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and of breath he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.
Children born of women are borne in water until the amniotic fluid sac is broken but children born of men are not.
Returning to the woman clothed with the sun, we only need to establish if prophecy had declared this in any way and we find two testimonies:
Revelation 21:2 (KJV)
And I John saw the holy city, new Jerusalem, coming down from God out of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.
Revelation 21:9 (KJV)
And there came unto me one of the seven angels which had the seven vials full of the seven last plagues, and talked with me, saying, Come hither, I will shew thee the bride, the Lamb’s wife. And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,
We have now established that the Woman is indeed Jerusalem. To further prove it we need a second testament which is the life of Hosea himself because ancient kingdoms were cities with strong, high walls to protect it’s children. The king was the Father of those children and the city his bride. The king had many wives but his first wife was the city he ruled.
Hosea 1:2 (KJV Strong’s)
The beginning of the word of the Lord by Hosea. And the Lord said to Hosea, Go, take unto thee a wife of whoredoms and children of whoredoms: for the land hath committed great whoredom, departing from the Lord.
Now we know for sure this is Jerusalem because she had had many kings in her and seven empires have ruled over her since 605 B.C to 1914, a period of 2520 years. Now we discover prophetic mathematics. In 1914, Britain was given mandate over Jerusalem and all Israel but was a friend of the two tribes of Judah and descendant of the ten tribes of Israel.
The seven years in Revelation are seven times or instances where Jerusalem has been with other men and worshipped their gods. This was what caused her disgrace in the beginning and why she was taken captive by Nebuchadnezzar in 605 B.C.
There is an enormous amount of evidence that proves the woman in revelation is Jerusalem because it is so plain when examined in prophecy through the prophets. It is the only city in history that has existed long enough to fit the description. Many say it is Rome but they cannot be true since Rome was the sixth husband.
The moon at her feet.
All of Hebrew Sabbath feasts are celebrated at full moon and are the ground upon which memorial history is based. Unless you know Hebraic culture, this little fact would escape a reader’s recognition.
A crown of twelve stars
The symbolism of this image is magnificent as it reaches back into distant past when the twelve tribes all lived in Israel before the Exile. Again we come to understand that Jerusalem has a crown which is authority and power as a queen. A crown is only given to royalty but to a woman once she is married to a king or inherits it from her father upon his death. Since God cannot die, it must be hers by marriage. This again confirms Christ as the husband since the Israelite nation was chosen by God
Deu 7:6 — Deu 7:11 (KJV)
For thou art an holy people unto the Lord thy God: the Lord thy God hath chosen thee to be a special people unto himself, above all people that are upon the face of the earth. The Lord did not set his love upon you, nor choose you, because ye were more in number than any people; for ye were the fewest of all people: But because the Lord loved you, and because he would keep the oath which he had sworn unto your fathers, hath the Lord brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you out of the house of bondmen, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt. Know therefore that the Lord thy God, he is God, the faithful God, which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love him and keep his commandments to a thousand generations; And repayeth them that hate him to their face, to destroy them: he will not be slack to him that hateth him, he will repay him to his face. Thou shalt therefore keep the commandments, and the statutes, and the judgments, which I command thee this day, to do them.
The twelve stars are a conundrum since they could simultaneously represent the twelve tribes or twelve angels or even the Eleven disciples and Christ, as their brother being the representative of Judah. All of these reasons mark further the appointment of Jerusalem as the woman in verse one of this chapter.
To finish this verse in comprehensible terms
Revelation 12:1 (Revealed prophecy)
And there appeared a great wonder in the sky; a New Jerusalem clothed with Righteousness, and the Sabbaths under her feet, and upon her head the crown of twelve angels.
With this exposition we discover what was written in Rev 21:10 — Rev 21:14 (KJV) is a close match.
And he carried me away in the spirit to a great and high mountain, and shewed me that great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God, Having the glory of God: and her light was like unto a stone most precious, even like a jasper stone, clear as crystal;
Rev 21:12 — Rev 21:14 (KJV)
And had a wall great and high, and had twelve gates, and at the gates twelve angels, and names written thereon, which are the names of the twelve tribes of the children of Israel: On the east three gates; on the north three gates; on the south three gates; and on the west three gates.
And the wall of the city had twelve foundations, and in them the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
In this we discover the twelve stars are related to both angels and, apostles. The twelve stars are the guardians of the gates and therefore most likely imagery when you consider that angels shine like stars and they are in the outskirts of Jerusalem like jewels on a crown. The walls of the city are filled with twelve gates of single pearls like a mark of richest wealth and a crown around the city.